Thursday, 19 September 2013

Gynecomastia: Symptoms, Causes, Complication, Treatments And Preventions

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Gynecomastia is swelling of the chest tissue in boys or men, caused by an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia can affect one or both br**sts, sometimes unevenly. Newborns, boys going through puberty and older men may develop gynecomastia as a result of normal changes in hormone levels, though other causes also exist.
Generally, gynecomastia isn’t a serious problem, but it can be tough to cope with. Men and boys with gynecomastia sometimes have pain in their br**sts and may feel embarrassed.

Symptoms Signs and symptoms of gynecomastia include: Swollen chest gland tissue chest tenderness When to see a doctor See your doctor if you have:

Swelling Pain Tenderness bosom discharge in one or both br**sts Causes
Gynecomastia is triggered by a decrease in the amount of the hormone testosterone compared with estrogen. The cause of this decrease can be conditions that block the effects of or reduce testosterone or a condition that increases your estrogen level.
Although there are few physical complications associated with gynecomastia, having this condition can cause psychological or emotional problems caused by appearance.
Most cases of gynecomastia regress over time without treatment. However, if gynecomastia is caused by an underlying condition, such as hypogonadism, malnutrition or cirrhosis, that condition may need treatment. If you’re taking medications that can cause gynecomastia, your doctor may recommend stopping them or substituting another medication.
In adolescents with no apparent cause of gynecomastia, the doctor may recommend periodic re-evaluations every three to six months to see if the condition improves on its own. Gynecomastia often goes away without treatment in less than two years. However, treatment may be necessary if gynecomastia doesn’t improve on its own, or if it causes significant pain, tenderness or embarrassment.
Medications used to treat chest cancer and other conditions, such as tamoxifen and raloxifene, may be helpful for some men with gynecomastia. Although these medications are approved by the Food and Drug Administration, they have not been approved specifically for this use.
Surgery to remove excess chest tissue
If you still have significant bothersome chest enlargement despite initial treatment or observation, your doctor may advise surgery.
There are a few factors you can control that may reduce the risk of gynecomastia:
Don’t use illegal drugs. Examples include steroids and androgens, amphetamines, heroin, and marijuana.
Avoid alcohol. Don’t drink alcohol, or drink very little.

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